For more than 100 years we have been able to use microscopes to detect the bacterium that causes tuberculosis. For almost 50 years we have had effective anti-TB drugs. Yet, this year, more people will die of TB than in any other year in history. How can this be? The problem has not been the lack of ways to detect and
acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. ART antiretroviral therapy. DOT directly observed treatment. DOTS the internationally agreed strategy for TB control 2006 (available at: http://www.who.int/tb/publications/2006/patients_ charter.pdf). Espinal MA et al. Standard short-course chemotherapy for drug-resistant tuberculo-. 5.
Directly observed treatment, short-course (DOTS), is recommended by the World Health Organisation (WHO) globally, for control of tuberculosis (TB). DOTS strategy which aims at detecting at least 70% of the existing cases of sputum smear-positive cases and curing at least 85% of these newly detected cases, has been
1980s : Styblo defines International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases model to control TB in the United Republic of Tanzania. 1991: World Health Assembly establishes the 70/85 targets for 2000. 1993: WHO declares TB as a global emergency. 1994: New TB control framework. 1995: DOTS launched as a
The Stop TB Strategy at a glance. 6. III. Vision, goal, objectives, targets and indicators. 7. IV. The six principal components of the Stop TB Strategy. 9. 1. Pursue high-quality Dots expansion and enhancement. 9. 2. Address tB/HIV, MDR-tB and other special challenges. 11. 3. Contribute to health system strengthening. 13. 4.
Detection and cure remains the cornerstone of TB control. Cure and the prevention of drug resistance is contingent upon patients’ adhering to an appropriate anti-tuberculosis treatment regimen. Adherence is difficult for TB patients to maintain. People always need assistance and support to stay on anti-tuberculosis